For people with weak or missing teeth, dentures are an absolute lifesaver. As removable dental appliances that can behave as either a full or partial set of teeth in one or more areas of the mouth, these tooth alternatives offer easier chewing options and the chance for many not to feel self-conscious about the appearance of their mouths.
There are a variety of different types of dentures available – not to mention many things to consider when deciding on either something such as a conventional type of denture, which rests on the gum and may be attached to the natural teeth, or implant-supported dentures, which are attached to a foundation that is surgically fixed into the jawbone.
Often times, it may be difficult to assess which exact one is right for you. So how does one go about determining what type of denture provides the most benefits? Here is a guide the different types of dentures available and how they might best fit you and your needs.
Traditional Full Dentures
Like the name suggests, full and complete dentures replace all of a patient’s full set of teeth and sit on top of the gums, as opposed to dental bridges, which are anchored to existing teeth. They are typically placed within eight to twelve weeks after the teeth have been removed or extracted and most of the time, include a flesh-colored acrylic base that covers the gums and the roof of the mouth, allowing an entire set of false teeth to sit more firmly.
Full dentures for the lower mouth are similar, though the acrylic base is shaped like a horseshoe to avoid covering the tongue.
Prior to fitting full dentures, a dentist must remove any remaining teeth. The jawbone reacts to this process slowly, reshaping over time, and a dentist may opt to wait several months before measuring the mouth again and ordering one’s full dentures from the supplier in order to secure a more perfect fit.
Convenient and removable, partial dentures are used when a patient still has some of his or her own natural teeth, such as when one or more teeth remain in the upper and lower jaw areas. There is a pink-colored base that is attached to a metal piece and these two pieces go on to hold the denture inside of the mouth.
Partials can be taken out whenever needed, and in order to help prevent the surrounding teeth from moving around, are made from all-acrylic or acrylic materials.
A dental implant is used to securely support the denture, providing a greater amount of support for a solid foundation to allow a denture to stay securely in place. Dental implants also look incredibly natural and will last longer, as they are attached to implants in the jawbone that extend outward from the gums.
Implants are usually fitted at the front of the jaw and can be bar-retained and ball-retained. A dentist surgically fits these implants over the course of one or more visits. The latter, also called stud-attachment dentures, contains sockets that fit onto ball-shaped connectors on the implants – though sometimes the connectors slot into sockets within the implants.
With bar-retained implants, a thin metal bar attaches to two to five implants in the jawbone. Clips or other similar types of attachments then fix the denture to this bar. It is important to keep in mind, however, that the best candidates for implant-supported have very healthy gums, good oral care routines, and sufficient jawbone structures.
One key advantage to implant-supported dentures is that they are way more stable than other types of dentures – especially in the lower jaw area. Conventional dentures, for example, are likely to frequently slip out of place,
These dentures are made from very expensive teeth and are specially fitted for each individual to provide a more appealing and natural smile. As the name suggests, customs are tailored solely to a patient’s needs and may be modified upon to suit more owner requirements. The owner has an opportunity of accessing or evaluating them during the making.
Immediate dentures are typically placed on the same day that the teeth are removed/extracted, and often times require a special type of denture candidate to qualify. In most cases, patients need to wait 8 to 12 weeks after tooth extraction before denture implants can be placed but with immediate dentures, things are placed immediately after tooth extraction.
For stability, these are the most effective, as snap-ins are held securely in place with the help of dental implants or anchors directly onto the existing teeth. What makes them unique is the locator attachments embedded within the tissue side of the denture. The locator attachments snap onto the implants or onto the locator receptors, allowing them to be convenient and removable just like partial dentures.
Snap-in dentures are usually used when a patient does not have any viable teeth, but do still carry enough bone to support an implant.
Sometimes the most cost-effective type of denture, these very generic denture appliances—because of their budget friendly prices—often do not go on to fit securely or comfortably in the mouth. Many a times, they also tend to look very fake, causing the need for a denture adhesive to be added for a more secure fit. So, while in fact the most affordable option, the loose fit, easy slip, and unnatural look often make them a last resort for denture seeking patients.
A removable tooth replacement device inserted over the remnant teeth, overdentures sit a top of the gums and are held in place with dental implants. They can be placed on the upper and/or the lower jaw, depending on a patient’s needs and often provide additional support to existing teeth.
Upper dentures are just that—-dentures for the upper teeth. If there are teeth missing in or around the upper jaw, upper dentures may be the best solution. Simple as that.
Let Us Help!
Speaking to a dental professional who specializes in denture procedures is vital to making a decision about how to move forward with all your dental needs. Only a highly-qualified denture expert can help you decide which type of denture product is right for you.
If you’re interested in learning more about how you to receive the best dentures to fit you, contact Devonshire Dental Group, a specialty oral and maxillo facial surgery facility offering a large number of oral surgical procedures. Our goal is to bring out the best in you and to put you on your way to a more than beautiful smile!